TREATMENT PROGRAM (CONTINUED)
Opportunities for learning new pro-social skills are provided daily in treatment, work and recreational programming. The Center embraces social learning theory, and practices it principles deliberately, on a daily basis.
Program requirements and behavioral strategies are enforced in a firm and fair manner.
- Consequences, incentives, and rewards are controlled by the treatment team, with input from residents.
- Violations are reviewed in Large Group every day. Residents are consulted when standard consequences are assigned to rules.
- The treatment team, with meaningful input from the offenders, design and enforce treatment plans. The initial treatment plan is written by the treatment team, but updates and revisions are prepared by the resident in Treatment Plan Update classes, reviewed by the treatment team and adopted.
- Positive re-enforcers outnumber punishers at a ratio of 4:1. The treatment team reviews this principle each day before beginning treatment activities. Often empathy is the most valued re-enforcer, and the easiest to provide.
Behavioral strategies are grounded in operant conditioning. Consequences for performing poorly or for inappropriate behavior are levied almost immediately. This ensures that the residents understand what they did wrong. Rewards are given as quickly to reinforce positive changes in thoughts and behaviors.
Reinforcement is an integral part of the program. Three types of re-enforcers are used:
- Activities. Senior residents (Expeditors) earn recreational outings as a reward for progressing well in treatment.
- Responsible Thinking Reward. Extra privileges like naps, late curfew, food treats are given for responsible thinking..
- Social Re-enforcers. As an integral part of the social learning practiced at the Center, residents receive motivational re-enforcers, both internal and external, for modeling pro-social behaviors.
CTTC uses the following behavioral components:
- Modeling (offender observes a staff member admitting an error in Large Group, and learns how to make such admissions, and sees that making mistakes is human.)
- Cognitive behavioral (Using various treatment theories and modalities, CTTC’s primary programmatic objective is to attempt to change the offender’s cognition, attitudes, values, etc. and reduce antisocial behavior.)
Internal controls (UAs, room searches, pat downs, etc.) and staffs’ participation in the treatment community help detect antisocial behaviors, thoughts, feelings, and attitudes or beliefs.
All treatment and correctional staff relate to offenders interpersonally in sensitive and constructive ways, and they are trained and supervised appropriately. Control is not the primary objective of any staff member. Staff are all part of the treatment team, and they are encouraged to facilitators of change, not controllers of behavior.
Program structure and activities disrupt the delinquency network by placing offenders in situations where pro-social activities, thoughts, feelings and attitudes or beliefs predominate. The treatment community, with daily large group meetings at its core, is fertile ground for residents to learn new behaviors and to support other residents in their efforts to change from anti-social to pro-social.
Relapse prevention education is provided during residential treatment and post discharge within the community. Behaviors, feelings and beliefs/attitudes identified by the residents in their cognitive work is reflected back to them in terms of their impact on relapse.